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就労ビザの種類 Kinds of Working-Visa

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〇主な就労ビザ Mainly Working-Visa


 技術・人文知識・国際業務Technology/Humanities/International Affairs


 特定技能Specified Skilled Worker


 高度専門職Highly skilled professional


 経営・管理Business Manage




 企業内転勤Intra-Company Transferee


 介護Nursing care




 "Additionally, it is important to note the 'Designated Activities (Category 46: Graduates of Universities in Japan),' which includes activities not limited to technology, humanities, or international business."


 Below, we summarize an overview of each residency status and provide detailed acquisition requirements on a separate page.


 Regarding the Technical Intern Training Program visa, it will not be mentioned as it is expected to be abolished by 2024 due to a series of disappearances and human rights violations being pointed out.


 In the future, with the abolishment of "Technical Intern Training," it is anticipated that the transition from the residence status of "Technical Intern Training" to the residence status of "Specific Skill" will be through processes such as "Skills Examination" and "Japanese Language Proficiency Test."


技術・人文知識・国際業務の概要 Overview of Technology Humanities International Affairs



 「技術」理学、工学その他の自然科学の分野(ex システムエンジニア、設計、機械・電気技術者、研究開発職)、「人文」法律学、経済学、社会学その他の人文科学の分野(ex マーケテイング、経理、商品企画、金融専門職)
 「国際」外国人特有の文化に基盤を有する思考や感受性を必要とする業務(ex 翻訳・通訳、デザイナー、海外貿易)






For international students who have graduated from universities in Japan and intend to work for domestic companies, the typical visa is as follows: It is a residence qualification for "university graduates or above" foreign nationals to work in so-called "white-collar occupations." Positions categorized as manual labor or simple labor are generally not eligible.


・Based on contracts with public and private institutions in Japan, individuals will engage in one of the following fields or activities:


"Technical": Fields such as natural sciences including physical sciences, engineering, and others (e.g., system engineers, designers, mechanical/electrical technicians, research and development professionals).
"Humanities": Fields such as law, economics, sociology, and other humanities disciplines (e.g., marketing, accounting, product planning, finance professionals).
"International": Tasks requiring a foundation in the unique culture of foreign nationals and sensitivity (e.g., translation/interpretation, designers, international trade).
・The duration of stay can be 5 years, 3 years, 1 year, or 3 months. The period of stay for the visa is determined comprehensively during the examination by the Immigration Bureau, considering factors such as the content of the "intended period of employment" as actually filled in the application form, as well as the scale and stability of the inviting company.


Main Flow Regarding Employment of International Students
Flow of Procedures for Changing Residency Status from "Study" to Work Qualification

特定活動(46号・本邦大学卒業者)Category 46: Graduates of Univ. in Japan







The following is the English translation:


〇"The 'Designated Activities (Category 46: Graduates of Universities in Japan)' is a relatively new residency status established in May 2019. This status allows individuals who have graduated from Japanese universities and possess high proficiency in Japanese language to engage in a wide range of activities, provided they utilize their acquired knowledge, applied skills, and the high proficiency in Japanese language acquired through their experience as international students. While typical service or manufacturing activities are not permitted under residency statuses such as 'Technical Intern Training' or 'Humanities/International Services,' under this new system, these activities are also permissible if the aforementioned criteria are met.
In simple terms, it involves "technical expertise, humanities knowledge, international business" plus practical work.


〇The duration of stay can be '3 months,' '6 months,' '1 year,' '3 years,' or '5 years,' and with continued renewal, it may eventually lead to eligibility for a 'Permanent Resident' visa application in the future. As a general rule, the duration of stay determined upon changing from a 'student' residency status or upon the initial renewal of the residency period is '1 year.'


〇Additionally, accompanying family members are also permitted."

特定技能の概要 Overview of Specified Skilled Worker





具体的には、在留期間の上限の違い .永住権の要件を満たせる可能性の有無、.求められる技能水準の違い、.外国人支援の必要性の有無、家族帯同の可否、日本語能力の確認試験があるかどうか、.試験の実施状況の違い .等があります。(後で、詳細解説載せます。)


・特定技能2号の対象となる分野(11分野) 介護を除き、1号の全ての分野受入れが可能(令和5年8月31日)


 2号:3年,1年又は6か月ごとの更新 上限なし





〇The Specified Skilled Worker System is a program aimed at accepting foreign nationals with certain expertise and skills in industrial sectors where securing domestic talent is difficult. The status of residence "Specified Skilled Worker" was established by the amended Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act, which was enacted in 2018, and acceptance became possible from April 2019.


Even considering long-term forecasts, it is believed that by 2030, while the demand for labor is expected to be 70.73 million people, the labor supply will be 64.29 million people, resulting in a shortage of 6.44 million workers ("Future Estimates of the Labor Market 2030"). Although not officially recognized by the government, this effectively becomes an immigration policy.


〇The distinction between Specified Skilled Worker Category 1 and Category 2
Specified Skilled Worker Category 1 is a residence status for foreign nationals engaged in tasks requiring a certain level of knowledge or experience in specific industrial fields. Specified Skilled Worker Category 2, on the other hand, is a residence status for foreign nationals engaged in tasks requiring skilled expertise in specific industrial fields.


Specific differences include:
- Differences in the maximum period of stay
- Possibility of meeting the requirements for permanent residency
- Differences in the required skill levels
- Necessity for foreigner support
- Eligibility for accompanying family members
- Whether a Japanese language proficiency test is required
- Differences in the implementation status of the examination, among others.
(Detailed explanations will be provided later.)


〇Target Fields
- Fields covered by Specified Skilled Worker Type 1 (12 fields)
Caregiving, Building Cleaning, Foundry Work, Industrial Machinery, Electrical and Electronic Information-related Manufacturing, Construction, Shipbuilding, Automobile Maintenance, Aviation, Accommodation, Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Beverage Manufacturing, and Food Service Industries.
- Fields covered by Specified Skilled Worker Type 2 (11 fields) Excluding caregiving, all fields covered by Type 1 are eligible for Type 2 acceptance (as of August 31, 2023).
※O Caregiving is excluded as it has a separate residency status and is not covered under Type 2.


〇Length of Stay
Type 1: Renewable every 1 year, 6 months, or 4 months, with a maximum total duration of 5 years.
Type 2: Renewable every 3 years, 1 year, or 6 months, with no maximum limit.


Document explaining the system「Initiatives to Accept Foreign Nationals and for the Realization of Society of Harmonious Coexistence(PDF)」Updated in 1./2024


"Specific Skill Guidebook (for Foreigners)"






高度専門職の概要 Overview of Highly skilled professional





1複合的な在留活動の許容、2在留期間「5年」の付与、3在留歴に係る永住許可要件の緩和、4配偶者の就労、5 一定の条件の下での親の帯同の許容、6 一定の条件の下での家事使用人の帯同の許容、7 入国・在留手続の優先処理


〇"A highly skilled professional" is a residency status that can be obtained when the total points reach 70 or more for items such as educational background, work history, and annual income1. This status is for foreigners who possess advanced knowledge and skills to contribute to the economic development of Japan.


〇Classification of "Highly Skilled Professionals":
Highly Skilled Professional (Category 1): Equivalent to highly academic fields (イ), highly specialized fields (ロ), highly advanced management fields (ハ).
Highly Skilled Professional (Category 2).
The difference between Highly Skilled Professional (Category 1) and Highly Skilled Professional (Category 2) lies in the period of stay and scope of activities. For Highly Skilled Professional (Category 1), the period of stay is up to 5 years at maximum, and activities are limited to specific fields. However, for Highly Skilled Professional (Category 2), there is no limitation on the period of stay, and activities related to almost all types of work qualifications are possible. Highly Skilled Professional (Category 2) is granted to foreigners who have obtained one of the residency statuses of Highly Skilled Professional (Category 1) (I, Ro, Ha) and have engaged in activities for three years or more.


〇"Preferred Treatment for Highly Skilled Professionals"
1. Permission for Complex Residency Activities
2. Granting a Residency Period of "5 Years"
3. Relaxation of Permanent Residency Requirements Based on Residency History
4. Spouse Employment
5. Permission for Parent Accompaniment Under Certain Conditions
6. Permission for Accompaniment of Domestic Workers Under Certain Conditions
7. Priority Processing of Immigration and Residency Procedures

経営・管理の概要 Overview of Business Manager







〇"Management and Administration" refers to the residency status for engaging in activities related to managing and administering trade and other business operations in Japan, or for engaging in the management of such operations.
Concrete examples of "management and administration" include the following: representative directors, directors, representative officers, sole proprietors, managerial positions such as department managers, branch managers, factory managers, etc.


〇The permitted duration of the Management and Administration visa is the period of stay (which can be 3 months, 4 months, 1 year, 3 years, or 5 years) deemed appropriate by the Immigration Bureau for the applicant.


〇"Management and Administration" visas are becoming increasingly stringent year by year. This residency status does not require applicants to meet specific educational or professional experience requirements; rather, anyone can obtain it as long as they meet certain capital and location-based criteria. This is because there is a concern that it could be exploited for staying in Japan for purposes other than those intended.

技能の概要 Overview of Skill







〇The "Technical Skills Visa" is a residence status required for skilled foreigners belonging to specialized fields in the industry to work in Japan.


Activities that can be carried out in Japan are defined by the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act as activities engaging in work requiring skilled expertise belonging to "specialized fields in industry." The specialized fields in industry referred to here include the following three categories:
- Industries unique to foreign countries
- Industries where the skill level of foreign countries exceeds that of Japan
- Industries where there are only a few skilled workers engaged in Japan


Fields where employment is permitted with the residence status "Technical Skills Visa" include cooking and manufacturing of foreign cuisine, construction, assembly, and construction of overseas-style buildings, manufacturing and repair of products unique to overseas, processing of jewelry, metals, and fur, animal training, mining for petroleum and geothermal development, aircraft piloting, sports instruction, and sommelier for wine.


〇The period of stay for the Technical Skills Visa is determined by the Immigration Services Agency based on the foreigner's activity record and future activity plans, with options including "5 years," "3 years," "1 year," or "3 months."






企業内転勤の概要 Overview of Entertainment



〇在留期間 在留資格「企業内転勤」を持つ外国人の在留期間は、3ヶ月または1年、3年、5年のいずれかです。 転勤の期間を決めたうえで在留資格を申請するため、基本的には状況に応じた在留期間が付与されます。


〇"Intra-Company Transferee" is a residence status for accepting foreign employees who are transferred from overseas group companies where they have been employed for over one year due to personnel relocation.


The duties that can be performed under "Intra-Company Transferee" are the same as those for "Technical Skills, Humanities, and International Services," but there is no academic requirement, and unlike "Technical Skills, Humanities, and International Services," it differs in that it allows for transfers within Japan.


〇Duration of Stay: The duration of stay for foreign nationals holding the residence status of "Intra-Company Transferee" is either 3 months, 1 year, 3 years, or 5 years. Since the residence status is applied for based on the period of transfer, the duration of stay is generally granted according to the circumstances.


介護の概要Overview of Nursing care,









〇The residence status "Caregiving" is a status of residence for foreign nationals holding qualifications as caregivers to engage in caregiving work. Due to the shortage of manpower in the caregiving industry in Japan, the residence status "Caregiving" was established in September 2017.


〇Eligible individuals are foreign nationals who have graduated from Japanese caregiver training facilities and obtained qualifications as caregivers. These caregiver training facilities typically include specialized schools designated by prefectural governors.On April 1, 2020, the landing criteria ministerial ordinance for the residence status "Caregiving" was revised, allowing for the recognition of the residence status "Caregiving" regardless of the route through which qualifications as a caregiver were obtained.


〇The duration of stay can be 5 years, 3 years, 1 year, or 3 months, and it is possible to renew the period of stay, allowing for indefinite employment.


〇"Specific Skills in Caregiving" differs in terms of the required Japanese language proficiency, duration of stay, necessity of support from registered support organizations, and whether family members can accompany the individual.

興行の概要Overview of Entertainment



〇2023年8月1日から「興行」ビザの要件が大幅に緩和されています。1 外国人の興行活動について一定の実績のある招へい機関であれば、基本的にその証明のみでOK(基準1号イとして新設) 2 一定規模の興行活動であり、これまでも緩やかな要件(旧2号)に該当していた場合には、更に要件を緩和




〇The "Entertainment Visa" is a visa for conducting activities related to performances such as theater, entertainment, music, sports, and other entertainment activities. It is a residence status obtained by foreign models, singers, actors, actresses, dancers, musicians, martial artists, entertainers, and professional athletes when working in Japan, such as concerts, TV appearances, and stage performances.


〇Starting from August 1, 2023, the requirements for the "Entertainment" visa have been significantly relaxed. 1. If there is a certain track record of the foreigner's entertainment activities and they are invited by a reputable organization, generally only proof of this is required (newly established as Criteria 1). 2. For entertainment activities of a certain scale that have previously met the lenient requirements (old Criteria 2), the requirements are further relaxed.


〇The duration of stay for the Entertainment Visa is 3 years, 1 year, 6 months, 3 months, or 15 days. However, depending on the examination of the application, it may not always be possible to obtain the desired duration of stay. Generally, many cases involve staying in Japan with a residence period of 3 or 6 months and renewing it periodically.


就労ビザの種類 Kinds 技人国 ESI Service 特定技能 Specified Skilled Worker 高度専門職 Highly skilled professional 経営・管理 Business Manager 技能 Skill 企業内転勤 Intra-Company Transferee 介護 Nursing care 興行 Entertainment 相談受任の流れ flow